The study of 315 patients (175 boys, 140 girls) with febrile seizures (FS) has been performed. They were classified into three groups. The main group consisted of 175 patients of the age from 1 to 5 years old. They underwent multiple examinations for 3-5 years. Two groups of comparison contained children at the age of 8-16 years old who had febrile seizures in their anamnesis. The 1st group consisted of 70 children (40 boys, 30 girls) with typical epileptic seizures and the 2nd one consisted of 70 seizure-free patients (36 boys, 34 girls). These observations could be considered as evidence of the need for prolonged anti-epileptic treatment. When two and more unfavourable factors are present, the prolonged treatment with anti-epileptic drugs is recommended. The choice of an anti-epileptic drug depends on the character of a febrile seizure (generalized or focal). With the help of such approach suggested for treatment we managed to get over resistance and improve the results of treating children with febrile seizures.
Key words: children, febrile seizures, treatment, epilepsy.